This week I’m going to talk about one of the essential corners of Turkey. Ephesus.
This archaeological site, a world heritage site since 2015, is one of the most important historical and artistic sites on Greek and Roman civilizations.
In the remains of this city visitors can feel the essence of the past. From the legendary times of the Amazons to the conquest of the Ottomans Ephesus is a world reference center for Western history. Characters such as Alexander the Great, Emperors like Adriano and Trajan or religious like St. Paul, St. John and the Virgin Mary have passed through its streets.
The ruins that we can see today corresponded mostly to the Roman and Byzantine times. From its wonderful temple dedicated to sagebrush, goddess of hunting, only one column remains. This is a pity as according to Herodotus, Greek historian of the fifth century B.C, was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
Luckily we can see other remains of beautiful beauty that have survived or been rebuilt. An example is its streets, temples, agoras, the beautiful theater or the assembly. But without a doubt, the monument that takes more photos by the tourist is the library of Celsius.
This magnificent building was one of the main libraries of antiquity, after Alexandria and Pergamum. Its beautiful facade full of columns and sculptures is a ghost of what could be in the past.
The site is huge, but the excavated part is only 10% of the total. Possibly many treasures remain hidden beneath the ground. We will have to wait several years to find out.
How to get:
From Izmir it is easy to arrive by train or bus. You have to stop in the village of Selçuk. The site is located 3 km from the center of the village. You can walk or taxi or minibus.
It is advisable to take advantage of the visit to Selçuk. There you will find important Byzantine and Ottoman remains worth visiting. It is also a good place to eat.
*Visit to Ephesus: 40 Turkish Lira. (11 eur).
If you are a student or volunteer you can apply for the museum card. With it you can visit all the state museums of Turkey for free for a year. Price: 50 Turkish lira. (13 eur).
*Terrace houses. Is another museum within Ephesus. It is a series of Roman period houses with mosaics and paintings. Highly recommend. Price: 20 Turkish lira (5,2 eur) (not included with the museum card)
If you want to know more about the history and the site visit this page: http://www.ephesus.us