Hi everyone 🙂
Two days ago i was for a very very very fast tour in Istanbul and today i wanna talk about 2 Mosque i saw.
The Nuruosmaniye mosque and the Süleymaniye Mosque.
The Süleymaniye Mosque is an Ottoman imperial mosque located on the Third Hill of Istanbul. It is the second largest mosque in the city, and one of the best-known sights of Istanbul.
The Süleymaniye Mosque, built on the order of Sultan Süleyman (Süleyman the Magnificent), the interior of the mosque is almost a square, 59 metres (194 feet) in length and 58 metres (190 feet) in width, forming a single vast space. The dome is flanked by semi-domes, and to the north and south arches with tympana-filled windows, supported by enormous porphyry monoliths. Sinan decided to make a radical architectural innovation to mask the huge north-south buttresses needed to support these central piers.
As with other imperial mosques in Istanbul, the Süleymaniye Mosque was designed as a külliye, or complex with adjacent structures to service both religious and cultural needs. The original complex consisted of the mosque itself, a hospital (darüşşifa), primary school, public baths (hamam), a Caravanserai, four Qur’an schools (medrese), a specialized school for the learning of hadith, a medical college, and a public kitchen (imaret) which served food to the poor. Many of these structures are still in existence, and the former imaret is now a noted restaurant.
The Nuruosmaniye Mosque is an Ottoman mosque located in the Çemberlitaş neighbourhood of Fatih district in Istanbul. The mosque is located near the entrance to the Kapalıçarşı (Grand Bazaar).
It is considered one of the finest examples of mosques in Ottoman Baroque style. It was built by architects Mustafa Ağa and a Greek minority architect, Simeon Kalfa on one of the seven hills of Istanbul. It was commissioned from the order of Sultan Mahmut I beginning in 1748 and completed by his brother and successor Sultan Osman III in 1755.
The prayer hall is covered by a single dome 25 metres (82 feet) in diameter, it has two minarets with two balconies. The colonnaded portico has a half circle plan, unique for Ottoman mosques. The height of the dome is 43.50 metres.