Less than half an hour from Denizli is Pammukale, a white paradise with a heavenly aspect but at 35º. This “Cotton Castle”, the exact translation of Pammukale in Turkish, is a mountain from which water emanates with calcium, and which has solidified for thousands of years. This paradise is the product of several tectonic movements that shook the Menderes river basin and caused the appearance of numerous thermal springs. The fall of calcium, bicarbonate and water, has created “natural pools” in the mountain where tourists can bathe and benefit from its effects.
But Pammukale is more than a white mountain where snow is confused with the sky. After the white mountain is Hierapolis, the ruins of a Roman city of the Hittite period built precisely because of its proximity to the termal waters. The area of this city prone to earthquakes forced them to build several of their great constructions several times, but that even with the passage of time they conserve beauty and kindness. The entrance to these ruins begins at the Arco de Domiciado and accesses the Plateia, the city’s main road. The first building, the public baths next to the archaeological remains found, are dispensed in the Hierapolis museum, in the highest part of the mountain. Undoubtedly, the most elegant space of the Hierapolis is its theater, renovated and enriched with statues and reliefs. Thirty of the forty-five rows of seats that comprised it have survived. Other places of interest in Hierapolis are the Christian basilica, located east of the thermal-museum. On the outskirts of the city is a vast necropolis, with more than 1,200 tombs.
The last part of this visit ends at the Cleopatra pools, a place to bathe and enjoy more ruins of the city of Hierapolis in the background.
As a whole, Pammukale forms a visual and historical spectacle that nobody should miss.